Regarding mental health care, patients with psychiatric assistance will likely run into two kinds of professionals; Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) and Doctors of Medicine (M.D.). While both are properly qualified medical doctors, they undergo different training and approach healthcare differently.
In this article, we show you the nitty-gritty around D.O. vs. M.D., what brings them together, what pulls them apart, their training and practice approach, and their significance to mental health care.
Once patients are familiar with these nuances, it becomes easier to arrive at informed decisions, especially when seeking psychiatric aid and looking for a mental health professional best suited to their unique needs.
What is Psychiatry?
Psychiatry is an aspect of medicine concerned with the understanding and treatment of mental health. As doctors care for your body, psychiatrists look after your mind. It is important to note that psychiatrists are medical doctors too. The only difference is they specialize in mental health and emotional well-being.
Like every conscious human, your daily life is characterized by different emotions; happiness, sadness, or even stress. Sometimes, these emotions go overboard, influencing how you think and act. This, thankfully, is where psychiatrists come into play; to listen to your worries, ask questions, and seek to understand the problem precisely.
Once these details are understood, psychiatrists can prescribe various treatments. These may include therapy, an avenue to get better while talking about your feelings and thoughts in a safe environment. Therapy allows you to gain insight, build coping strategies, and navigate life’s challenges.
In treating mental health, psychiatrists also recommend relevant medications, which can help to improve moods, lessen anxiety, and ameliorate disturbing symptoms.
The Meaning of D.O. in Psychiatry
D.O., in psychiatry, stands for Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine. D.O. psychiatrists are full-fledged medical doctors specializing in mental health care but take a unique and wholesome approach to patient treatment.
Like their M.D. counterparts, (D.O.) psychiatrists undertake extensive medical training and education. They earn a medical degree and complete a residency program in psychiatry, which equips them with the requisite expertise in diagnosing and managing mental health conditions.
Essentially, what makes D.O. psychiatry precisely different lies in the osteopathic principles they bring into their practice. Osteopathic medicine is anchored on the belief that the body’s systems are intricately connected and have the inherent ability to heal independently.
D.O. psychiatrists focus on treating the total person, taking cognizance of not only the physical symptoms but also the emotional and social well-being of the patient.
About psychiatry, Doctors of osteopathic medicine concentrate on lifestyle factors, stress management, and the mind-body connection when evaluating and treating mental health conditions. For them, the patient is an integrated being whose mental and emotional health can be affected by physical well-being and vice-versa.
They prioritize a holistic approach, which gives them an insight into the underlying factors responsible for a patient’s mental health conditions. Furthermore, they may employ certain osteopathic manipulative techniques involving gentle hands-on procedures to relieve physical stress and improve relaxation.
These professionals focus on strong patient-doctor relationships and include patients in their treatment plans. They promote preventive care and equip patients with the information and tools to improve their mental health and overall welfare.
Meaning of M.D. in Psychiatry
In psychiatry, M.D. stands for Doctor of Medicine, and an M.D. psychiatrist is a thoroughly trained medical doctor specializing in mental health care. They have a complete medical school education plus extensive psychiatric training, which furnishes them with skills to diagnose and treat different mental health conditions.
M.D. psychiatrists are seasoned in understanding the intricacies of the human mind and emotions. They deliver empathetic and professional care to individuals experiencing mental health ills, helping them to live quality lives.
M.D. psychiatrists undergo painstaking training, learning about the human body, brain, and nervous system and treating different mental health conditions. They also complete a residency in psychiatry, which provides them with specialized knowledge and practical experience in mental health care.
D.O. vs. M.D. Psychiatrists: The Differences
While DO (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine) and MD (Doctor of Medicine) psychiatrists are both full-fledged medical doctors with a specialty in mental health care, few differences exist in how they are trained and their approach toward patient care.
1. Training and Education
M.D. Psychiatrists; M.D.s finish allopathic medical schools and receive conventional medical exposure focusing on anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, and clinical medicine. Post-medical school, they undergo a psychiatry residency to gain specialized knowledge in diagnosing and treating mental health conditions.
D.O. Psychiatrists, Dos, on the other hand, are graduates of osteopathic medical schools where they receive medical education similar to M.D.s but learn osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM).
OMM is basically about techniques necessary to diagnose and treat musculoskeletal issues. Post-medical school, D.O.s also undergo a psychiatry residency program to gain a specialty in mental health care.
2. Osteopathic Philosophy
M.D. Psychiatrists; For M.D.s, the focus is primarily on managing mental health conditions, adopting hands-on practices and medications to treat patients.
D.O. Psychiatrists; These professionals are likely to incorporate osteopathic principles into their practice, prioritizing a holistic approach to patient care. They believe in physical, emotional, and mental health interconnection and can utilize OMM techniques to complement psychiatric treatment.
3. Patient Care Approach
M.D. Psychiatrists; M.D.s concentrate on diagnosing mental health conditions and delivering medical treatment, which includes medication management and other therapeutic assistance.
D.O. Psychiatrists; Dos handle patient care with a particular focus on managing the whole person. They take into account lifestyle factors, stress management, and the mind-body connection when analyzing and treating mental health ailments.
4. Medical Licensure and Board Certification
M.D. Psychiatrists; MDs, and DOs procure a medical license to practice medicine in the United States. Through the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN), M.D. psychiatrists get board certification in psychiatry.
D.O. Psychiatrists; D.O. psychiatrists, on the other hand, receive board certification through the American Osteopathic Board of Neurology and Psychiatry (AOBNP).
How are they Similar?
As different as they are, M.D. and D.O. also share several similarities.
- Medical Doctors; Both MD and D.O. are fully furnished medical doctors. They have been through medical school and exposed to rigorous training in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, and clinical medicine. Both versions undergo psychiatry residency after medical school, receiving specialized training to become experts in diagnosing and treating mental health issues.
- Mental Health Expertise; Both professionals are mental health specialists who help individuals grappling with different mental health challenges. They are trained to diagnose diverse mental health disorders, including depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder.
- Treatment Approaches; To manage mental health conditions, M.D. and D.O. psychiatrists take an evidence-based approach. They may adopt a combination of therapy, medication management, and other therapeutic aids to meet the unique needs of their patients.
- Patient-Centered Care; Both professionals provide care that reflects the needs of their patients. They pay empathetic attention to patients’ concerns and ensure they feel seen and understood. They work closely with patients to design precise treatment plans that meet their peculiar mental health needs.
D.O. vs. M.D. Psychiatrist: Salary
Regarding salaries, figures can vary due to different factors like experience, location, practice setting, and demand for service. However, there is no particular difference in salary between D.O. and M.D. psychiatrists.
But according to data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), as of 2020, the median annual wage for psychiatrists across the board was around $220,380. This figure may vary with location, as those working in urban areas or areas with a high need for mental health delivery may get a bigger monthly take-home.
Type of practice is another factor, as psychiatrists working in private facilities or with quality experience can stand to earn more than those in governmental or nonprofit organizations.
Which is Better and More Prestigious?
The choice between a D.O. and an M.D. degree is largely based on personal interests, professional goals, and what matters to the person in question.
Regarding which is better and more prestigious, both routes allow you to become a renowned and accomplished medical expert in psychiatry. Choosing the one that aligns best with your personal and professional goals is important.
D.O. and M.D. psychiatrists are solid medical doctors, both with a specialization in mental health care. While they employ different approaches to healthcare delivery, caring for patients’ well-being remains the big picture.
Whether D.O. or M.D., patients seeking mental health attention can always consult professional help with full confidence that they are safe. In this article, we have provided everything you need to know about D.O. vs. M.D. psychiatrists; the differences, similarities, meanings, salaries, and other key details you need to know.
Sam is a brilliant young Nigerian biochemistry student and an aspiring entrepreneur. Despite facing many challenges, he has never lost his passion for learning and drive to make a difference in the world. Read more about him here.