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Radiology vs Anesthesiology (Salary & Differences)

Which course is the best radiology vs anesthesiology?

Choosing a career/specialization in medicine could be one hell of a task. What do I mean? People, especially students, find it hard to choose a particular discipline when it comes to the medical field. This happens mainly when you do not have sufficient knowledge of the sub-disciplines in view.  

For this article, I will go deep into these fields and what they entail. I believe that students will be able to make better decisions about these career options when they have a thorough understanding of them.

This is simple logic. Questions like What is Radiology? What is Anesthesiology? Differences and Similarities between the two and the Salary Information will all be answered in this article.

What is Radiology?

As a Medical student, you should be aware that Medicine has a lot of sub-disciplines just like many other fields like Engineering, Law, etc. Radiology is one of those sub-disciplines and it is a unique one.

It is a specialty of medicine, whereby diseases are diagnosed using images of the internal body organs and systems. These images are captured using special devices and are interpreted for disease management and treatment administration.

Contrary to the opinion of many, Radiologists are also Medical Doctors. Yes, they are trained Medical professionals with the knowledge and understanding to interpret medical images gotten from Radio Examinations.

A radiologist is not responsible for handling the equipment used to capture medical images. This is the job of a Radiographer or Radiology Technologist. It is the responsibility of Radiologists to interpret these images and proffer solutions.

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Like I said earlier, every sub-discipline of Medicine is very important. Radiology is vital for all sectors of health care including surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics, gynecology, oncology, emergency medicine, infectious diseases, etc.

Responsibilities of a Radiologist

  • A Radiologist acts as an expert/Specialist consultant to the Physician who has referred the patient to the Radiology department.
  • He/She can treat diseases by making use of radiation methods (A very good example is chemotherapy for cancer treatment).
  • A Radiologist is also responsible for comparing medical image reports to other medical tests and examinations to point out a connection.
  • Recommend further examinations or treatments to patients and also rub my mind with the referring Physicians.
  • In addition, a Radiologist should also guide and direct the Radiology Technologists who are responsible for operating the equipment used to carry out radiological imaging.

Radiologist salary

Radiologists receive over $450,000 annually. Those who work in private institutions get paid even higher than this.

What is Anesthesiology?

Yet another sub-discipline of Medicine, Anesthesiology is concerned with the total perioperative care of patients, before, during, and after surgical processes. It is also known as Anesthesia and encompasses anesthesia, intensive care medicine, emergency medicine, and pain medicine.

A professional who practices Anesthesiology is known as an Anesthesiologist. He/she is also a Medical Doctor/Physician.

In 9 out of every 10 surgical procedures, Anesthesiologists are involved. This is to show how useful and important they are in the operation theater. So, what are the major duties of Anesthesiologists? We will find out in the next section.

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Responsibilities of an Anesthesiologist


The duty of an Anesthesiologist will begin even before the surgery. He has to make a perioperative evaluation of the patient before going into surgery.

The patient might be asked questions about his/her Medical history, as this will help in determining how anesthesia will be administered. This is to ensure the surgery is successful and that no little mistake puts everything at risk.

During Surgery

The Anesthesiologist will;

  • Provide continual medical assessment of the patient in surgery
  • Regularly monitor and control the patient’s vital life functions, such as the heartbeat rate and rhythm, overall body temperature, breathing, blood pressure, and body fluid balance
  • Administer medications to help reduce the patient’s pain and control the level of consciousness to the surgery is safe and successful.


There is still more work to be done after surgery. Immediately after surgery, the patients are taken to the Post Anesthesia Care Unit or Intensive Care Unit, where they will be administered medications to help relieve the surgery pains.

In this unit, other specialized nurses, Anesthesiologists, and physicians will continue to monitor the patient’s condition and vital signs.

Anesthesiologist salary

An Anesthesiologist can make as much as $300,000 annually. This is a little less than the amount that a Radiologist will make in the same period.


I have received several questions from students asking me which is better in Radiology and Anesthesiology. I believe the differences between the two are now very clear.

A Radiologist works in a Radiology department, while an Anesthesiologist works in a clinical setting and also in an Operation theater. A Radiologist has no business inside the theater.

However, both careers are good and interrelated to one another. There isn’t any better than the other. If you are interested in going for Radiology, I believe I have given you more reasons to, and if you are interested in Anesthesiology, I believe I have also given you reasons to get more keen on your interest.

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If you want to take up Radiology or Anesthesiology as a career, you have to go to a Medical school. You have to come out with an MD degree, having specialized training during the program or housemanship.

It all depends on where you want to study. If you ask me which is harder to study, I will say Radiology.  Compared to Anesthesiology, Radiology is quite complex given the fact that you will be involved in Radiation calculations and the like.

Anesthesiology seems easier than Radiology, but you should expect it to also have its perks. I believe this is one of the reasons why Radiologists are paid higher than Anesthesiologists.

In addition to this, there are dangers associated with being a Radiologist such as exposure to radiation. This is why these specialists are trained on how to handle the equipment and maintain overall safety for everyone in the Radiology lab. On the other hand, Anesthesiology involves lesser risk.

About Samson Adebayo

I am just that guy who tries to share his knowledge with other students via Academicful. Thanks for stopping by and I hope you have a great day!

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