Fellowship vs Apprenticeship: It’s quite unfortunate that most people, especially students don’t know the disparities between these terms.
Over the years, people have struggled and debated over how people learn the most. And do you know what the majority concluded? Experience.
Having known the place of experience in all ramifications of human life, gaining the right experience often time gives people headaches. Especially when it is related to subject matters like fellowship and apprenticeship.
I have seen quite some people get stuck on the verge of choosing a career because they couldn’t simply differentiate between those two words. What they detail and their respective demands. Anyways, this article will widen your horizon as regards them.
To explain widely, this article will answer a few but rather important questions that may come to mind when you think of fellowship and apprenticeship.
What is a fellowship?
A fellowship is a scholarship award granted to exceptional graduate students to help them pursue research in their respective areas of concern. In most cases, a fellowship is seen as a monetary award given to scholars to further their studies at the graduate or post-graduate level. This is often to subsidize students’ fees.
It is also worthy to note here that, although the term scholarship may be used by undergraduate students, fellowship is primarily for graduates and post-graduate students.
Fellowships, as noted earlier, are given to compliment hard-working students who must have been selected based on their exceptional skills, intelligence, and a laudable level of commitment to academics.
Types of Fellowship
Fellowships vary across different academic fields and disciplines. Thus, I will now list out the different types of fellowships that exist and their peculiarities.
Graduate Fellowship: This fellowship is for graduate students and it covers tuition fees, health, and other relevant insurances. Sometimes, it covers the fee for attending seminars and conferences
Medical Fellowship: This fellowship is for doctors who have completed their residency and wish to proceed with further studies
Post-Doctoral Fellowship: Fellowships like these are for postgraduates students who have completed their doctoral and would like to move forward on their academic sojourn.
What is an apprenticeship?
Apprenticeship is an on-the-job training program targeted at people who desire to learn a trade or the workings of a profession. It is sometimes complemented by activities like reading and classwork.
Apprenticeship, upon its completion, provides for its practitioner’s license to practice. In exchange for the knowledge gotten, apprentices work for their employer ensuring efficiency and effectiveness.
Years spent during apprenticeship vary across fields. However, most apprenticeships take a long period to be completed
Types of Apprenticeship
Apprenticeship can be done in almost all fields of life. However, these apprenticeships are classified into different categories. Among which are but not limited to the following:
Independent Apprenticeship: This is a type of apprenticeship that stands aloof from an educational institution. That is, it is not in affiliation with any academic institutions.
It is operated by independent employers. During the period of this apprenticeship, apprentices do not simultaneously take school work.
Cooperative Apprenticeship: This apprenticeship is done under the control of an academic institution and an employer. Its mode of operation varies.
As some are led by employers while others are by institutions in affiliation. Either Way, it is a jointly administered apprenticeship program.
Having seen what fellowship and apprenticeship mean and their various categories. Now, let’s look at the importance of the two. The following are some of the reasons why college graduates and postgraduates students run after fellowship opportunities ;
Fellowship saves grad students and others the cost of pursuing their studies. Most fellowships cover tuition fees, travel fees, health insurance, and other important expenses of scholars.
It, as well, adds to the reputation of an individual who gets chosen for a fellowship program. Being a fellow stands one out in the labor market.
Also, fellowships open opportunities for scholars to learn and develop new skills. Since most fellowships are geared towards research, students gain valuable skills in the course of their research.
Fellowships also give room for networking opportunities. Through visitations and working with professionals, most fellows get offers beyond their imagination.
The above are the major reasons why people go after fellowship or desire to become a fellow. Now let us see the relevance of apprenticeship.
Apprenticeship helps students gain valuable experience and develop useful skills. This is one of the top-notch benefits of apprenticeship for apprentices.
Likewise, apprenticeship accords students highly and globally recognized certificates. That is, regardless of where an apprentice learns his trade, he can work anywhere.
Also, there are other benefits which include employment stipends and sometimes wages. This serves as motivation for apprentices and also promotes their efficiency.
One of the relevance of training like apprenticeship is that it connects apprentices with professionals in the industry. This also paves way for exposure and networking.
Differences Between Fellowship and Apprenticeship
While the fellowship is majorly an academic award for outstanding students who want to further their academic pursuits, apprenticeship deals primarily with skill acquisition.
Apprenticeship, oftentimes, may not have affiliation with the academic curriculum as the case of independent apprenticeship. Fellowship on the other hand is not beyond the confine of academics.
Fellowship attracts a lot of benefits including allowances and waivers during the study. Apprenticeship aside from long-time experiential training is not with many monetary gains.
How long do fellowship and apprenticeship take?
For fellowship, it depends on the number of years required to complete a research or a project upon which the fellowship was given. Sometimes, it takes just a year and other times, it could be more.
Apprenticeship lasts for the number of years agreed by the apprentice and his or her employer. Depending on the nature and type of trade or profession, it could span from a few months to years.